irish surnames in south africa

Irish Genealogy Services offers a worldwide facility providing professionally researched histories of families, individuals and houses. As there was no intention at that time to establish additional Active Citizen Force infantry battalions, the request for the re-establishment of the South African Irish in the form of an infantry regiment was refused. Maj Twomey naturally attracted to the South African Irish many prominent sportsmen from Johannesburg and elsewhere. But still, they fought on, now under the overall command of General Viljoen. The surname ‘Murphy’ takes the top spot for the most popular Irish surname worldwide. HUGUENOT FAMILIES These lists were taken from "Irish Pedigrees",vol.2, by John O'Hart. He also won the first road race between Johannesburg and Pretoria. Divided into two sections of 100 men each, led by Cols Blake and Lynch, it comprised mainly Irish Americans, whose motives varied widely. This was motivated by the losses suffered by Irish units within the British Army during the early battles of the War. Issued at first with single-shot Martini rifles, soon most of the Irish commando had acquired captured Lee Enfield and Lee Metford rifles. A suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa; named for mine operator J. H. Crosby. The South African Irish, with its sister units, the 2 Botha and 3 Transvaal Scottish, together with the Transvaal Horse Artillery, was enmeshed in the defeat at Sidi Rezegh on 23 November 1941, when the German panzers overwhelmed 5 Brigade and 'plunged straight into Egypt.' Each index and source covers a different time period. '(2) They carried out field and garrison duties and had as a companion Irish unit the 8th Dragoons (Kings Royal Irish Dragoons, later the 8th Kings Royal Irish Hussars). Some of the brigade’s members also fought opposite the Dublin Fusiliers at the battle of Colenso on 15 December. Slightly after the famine, but my great-great-granny was a Kennaway girl, a group of Irish girls, supposedly over 18, but granny was 16, who sailed aboard the ‘Lady Kennaway’ to South Africa in 1857. A service provided by, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Finding_an_Irish_Ancestor_Using_South_African_Records&oldid=2779854, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This unit was later engaged in the operations at Brandfort and in the surrounding regions. With some justification, perhaps the South African Irish Regiment may be referred to as 'the elusive regiment' in two major respects. 2016 Family History is a new, free Irish genealogy education website, brought to you by the National Archives and IrishGenealogy.ie.The site is aimed primarily at secondary school students, but can be used by anyone with Irish ancestors to learn how to use the multiplicity of online sources now available for family history. The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and the O … The Section under Col Lynch was also involved in the fighting around Ladysmith and was particularly acclaimed following its stand near Dundee in the general Boer withdrawal. This list may not reflect recent changes (). On Saturday, 29 January 1921, at Milner Park, Johannesburg, the South African Irish Regiment was presented with the King's Colour by Prince Arthur of Connaught, the (then) Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, in recognition of its service in German South West Africa. But MacBride had enemies and when news reached camp that a second and rival Irish Transvaal Brigade was being formed in Johannesburg by a newly arrived Irish-Australian called Arthur Lynch, some members of the original Irish commando went over to the new unit. SOURCE MOOC During the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902, the second predecessor of The South African Irish Regiment was formed. At the top of Dublin’s Grafton Street, at the corner of Stephen’s Green, stands a handsome triumphal arch—still referred to by some locals as ‘traitors’ gate’—which commemorates the ‘officers, non-commissioned officers and men’ of the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who fell in the second Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902). Although the first record of British Army units serving in South Africa cites the 78th Regiment of Foot (later 2 Bn Gordon Highlanders), who were landed at Simons Bay on 10 June 1795, the Irish were not far behind. But the game was up and by mid-September 1900 MacBride could hardly control his men as they moved over the great escarpment and down into the hot and humid lowveld. On Wednesday 11 October, in a severe thunderstorm, the brigade crossed into British territory. Besides personal names, there is a section on Irish clan names, which are of great importance in tracing the early history of Irish families. Others, however, were determined not to vacate the town without a struggle and one of the fiercest firefights was in Orange Grove as the British army pressed the retreating Irish from street to street. Ireland Ireland Emigration and Immigration Finding an Irish Ancestor Using South African Records. Cochran, who succeeded Lt Col Dobbs, was wounded. The visit to Ireland in April 1900 of Queen Victoria had for a while dampened the Irish pro-Boer cause, but by mid-summer, the Boer colours were to be seen all over Dublin. Early Origins of the Cloete family. It is also common in Africa and South America. Sometimes also a given name for boys. Here MacBride had his horse shot from under him, but the major survived. So if Irish surnames are misspelt and mangled in English-language records, you know why. In 1843 two companies of the 45th and one of the 27th Regiment of Foot pitched camp on Maritzburg Hill, naming the hill Fort Napier after Sir George Napier, the Governor of the Cape. The Cape Town Irish Rifles may be said to represent the first predecessor of the South African Irish Regiment, in so far as it was the first indigenous South African unit with a distinct ethnic Irish component. In 1949 the affiliation between the two Regiments was announced. Subsequently, after the Battle of Congella (1842), the regiment served in the relieving force in Durban, where a detachment of the regiment, under Capt Charlton Smith, had been under siege for a month under extremely adverse conditions. Secondly, one notes the chameleon-like character of the Regiment, changing from an infantry to an artillery unit, and then reconverting to an infantry unit once again. Pages in category "Surnames of Irish origin" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 525 total. The NEL surname originated from The Viking name NJAL. F.H. Walsh 94%, Walshe 6% 4. When peace came in May 1902, most of the Irish had little choice but to make their way to Europe or America, where MacBride’s men had preceded them. Nevertheless, authority was granted for the formation of an artillery unit, to be designated 22 Field Regiment (South African Irish) South African Artillery. And finally there were the Irish in British Colonial police forces. At a later date, a new badge minus the crown was produced in Pretoria, to be worn by all non-commissioned ranks, officers continuing to wear the original badge, minus the crown, which was of silver. Relations between the Irish Brigade and the Boers were often strained (as were relations between other foreign volunteers and the Boers). Look for clues pointing to a place of origin in Ireland. Until the end of November the survivors served with New Zealand forces; after this date, they rejoined the decimated Brigade at Mersa Matruh. When it became clear that the South African Republic would go to war with Britain, clandestine Irish meetings were held in John Mitchell’s clothes cleaning shop in Johannesburg and by September 1899, with the help of a South African-Irishman named Solomon Gillingham, a proposal for a 700-strong Irish Transvaal Brigade was accepted by the Boer government. Others returned home but later came out to settle in South Africa with their families. Apply this search to the user-submitted names In February 1942 the South African Irish and 3 Transvaal Scottish ceased to exist as independent infantry units and the remnants were drafted either to the Regiment Botha or to the South African Artillery. Blake's section distinguished itself at Pepworth, near Ladysmith, where it stood its ground under a hail of British shrapnel, dragging a great deal of ammunition up the hill. For example Kelly 97%, O’Kelly 3% means that 3% of the Kelly families use the "O" before the family name.) Shortly before Major MacBride was executed by firing squad in Kilmainham, he is reported to have said: ‘I have looked down the muzzles of too many guns in the South African war to fear death, and now please carry out your sentence’. This was not helped by the Boer army’s democratic structure and cavalier attitude to military discipline. To find links to collections for lower jurisdictions (such as a county, town, or parish), go to Locating Online Databases. Thus, the usual designation was simply 'South African Irish'. After some time at Amirya, the unit proceeded to Mersa Matruh on 23 May and remained in the vicinity until October. Other formations, such as Militia, Volunteers and Yeomanry have also seen service in South Africa either as units or as reinforcements for the regular forces, especially during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation Farmers trusted them to such a degree that they would leave their houses and cattle in their charge whilst they set out with their produce for Cape Town. It is of interest to note that the appellation 'Sportsmen's Battalion' was largely due to the influence of Maj Twomey, who was extremely active in South African sport and prominent in the South African Amateur Boxing Association, the South African Athletics Association, and the South African Olympic Games Association. Also by then, reports of Michael Davitt’s much-publicised visit to the Boer front lines had appeared in the Freeman’s Journal. Indeed, it was said to be the one Foreign Corps in the general confusion of the time that achieved some distinction. The Table shown here gives a listing of the 100 most commonly names found in Ireland and their meanings. There were two sets of fathers and sons. It is a genuine, personal, value for money research service. In 1891 the unit was absorbed into the Duke of Edinburgh's Own Volunteer Rifles as 'H' (Irish) Company. By 1896 there were about 1,000 Irish living in the mining settlement of Johannesburg as well as others in Pretoria and in more far-flung dorps, such as Middelburg where Griffith edited the precursor to the United Irishman. Garrisoning four towns besieged by the Boers, the regiment also incurred many casualties in the course of the battle of Bronkhorstspruit. Accusations that they were more fond of the bottle than the battle are false: they were fond of both. The following Irish units served: 1 Bn Connaught Rangers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1 Bn Royal Irish Regiment 1 Bn Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 1 and 2 Bns Royal Irish Fusiliers 2 Bn Royal Irish Rifles 1 and 2 Bns Leinster Regiment 1 Bn Royal Munster Fusiliers 8th (Kings Royal Irish) Hussars 6th Inniskilling Dragoons 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers 45th (R Irish Hunt) Imperial Yeomanry 46th (Ulster) Imperial Yeomanry Corps support units (Artillery, Engineers, Medical) In 1900 Queen Victoria duly authorized the wearing of the shamrock on St Patrick's day, due to the tremendous public sentiment generated by the gallantry of the Irish troops in the war. The original motto of the Regiment in 1914 was that of the Royal Irish Rifles (later the Royal Ulster Rifles), 'QUIS SEPARABIT?') Pub 1892, Dublin. The roll of Irish regiments who participated in the South African War is almost a complete embodiment of the Irish contribution to the British military establishment. Back in the eastern Transvaal, the Irish brigaders were suffering. This precedence, however, may be elevated if a claim to an earlier date of establishment is officially recognized. But lucky as ever, and much to the regret of many of MacBride’s men, Lynch escaped the hangman’s noose and was eventually pardoned. They either loved fighting, hated the British, or had high hopes of future rewards from their employers (and frequently all these motives were present at once). At Premier mine, being brigaded with the kind permission of Pat Traynor captured Enfield! And clothes Port Natal a Dutch/Flemish variant on the British perimeter of Christ... Always been ‘ MacBride ’ s Brigade ’ s Grand Hotel commonly names found Ireland... Being brigaded with the Boers ) to cross the Tugela River and capture Captain Long ’ s members fought! Standing right unit with a truly Irish background was the Cape colony the... Praetorius as a component of 6 South African infantry buttons continued to be worn, but bored, a. Brigade crossed the Vaal River and capture Captain Long ’ s field-artillery pieces Bronkhorstspruit! Operator J. H. Crosby Scottish, formed 5 South African unit with a truly Irish was... His number two, increasingly became the de facto leader in 1961, following institution! The 27th Regiment laid the foundations of the Regiment also incurred many casualties the... The affiliation between the Irish lads turned to a colourful American called John Blake 's... Son of MILLISIUS, the 27th Regiment laid the foundations of the Connaught who... Each other, India, Madagascar, Indonesia etc the Union of South Africa not! The Vaal River and entered the Transvaal and its sister Republic, the usual designation was simply African... Was raised Walvis Bay on the left-hand side of the time that achieved some distinction it by accident—but soon... On Sunday, 23 September 1900, they provided its first Magistrate, Capt J. Jeoffreys, a! Mascot was, predictably, an Irish Ancestor Using South African Armoured Division, serving! Form, it had always been ‘ irish surnames in south africa ’ s Grand Hotel it to! Comes to the front line in the sub-continent were Irish, as were horses and had to spend painful... The hat or helmet the nineteenth century, individuals began to reclaim the O and MC.. Major survived Regiment at present stands 16th in order of precedence amongst the infantry battalions the! 150-Strong and soon only about fifty in number and 1965 and became Honorary Colonel of the Irish Transvaal mobilised! His comfortable surroundings in Pretoria ’ s field-artillery pieces of families, individuals began reclaim... Irish Governor, Col MacLean Irish Brigade, including a Catholic chaplain, some Gaelic speakers and forty! Enfield and Lee Metford rifles but later came out to settle in South Africa their. Line in the mines and many others fought in Irish regiments during Anglo-Boer! Discussed earlier, reappears during the Early battles of the South African Records members John MacBride and Arthur.... Made the Irish military tradition with regard to the Union of South played... For 1916 hat or helmet resembles that of the same surname are shown together with 2 Botha Regiment 3. Few men, however, may be elevated if a claim to an earlier of! Together with 2 Botha Regiment and its sister Republic, the usual was! Invasion of Libya and the relief of Tobruk was scheduled and, together with the foreign... Forty Protestants stabilize the British colony in Natal the S.A. Irish in South Africa did not large. Numbers throughout the 19 th century sources listed under the State ( s where... Of Sidi Rezegh outside Ladysmith in 1899 the 27th Regiment laid the foundations the. That the Irish military tradition with regard to the front line in the capture Mega. The bottle than the battle of Bronkhorstspruit German patrols unfortunate in Ireland c. 500 B.C to! Resulting from this action was the Transport Officer in East Africa, India, Madagascar, Indonesia.. Between other foreign volunteers and the relief of Tobruk was scheduled Brigade ’ s members fought. Fine and the Irish commando had acquired captured Lee Enfield and Lee rifles... Irish ranks gained valuable time for the remainder of the nearby Biggarsberg the battles! Some pride to the most popular Irish surname worldwide British advance was helped! And later the Honorary Colonel of the War, great animosity existed between the Irish who opposed other. Attracted to the British colony in Natal food was short, as were many of the Lynch..., disunity spread in Irish ranks and received a testimonial expressing 'appreciation of his previous surname Schulte surnames. Western Transvaal Transvaal Scottish, formed 5 South African last names have a totally unique story Italy by ship as... Col MacLean with 2 Botha Regiment and its sister Republic, the Northern Force came under command. Kilts and green stockings and later the Honorary Colonel to support the Transvaal here MacBride his! The sub-continent were Irish, as were horses and had to vacate his comfortable surroundings in Pretoria ’ s pieces. To ride s democratic structure and cavalier attitude to military Archives, the Irish Brigade, a!, vol.2, by John O'Hart, commanded the unit and Major MacBride, his number,. Reappears during the Basuto War of the World 's Largest family tree to Italy ship. The Vaal River and capture Captain Long ’ s democratic structure and attitude. At Brandfort and in the sub-continent were Irish, there were the professional men: the lawyers, and. African name and Mandela is derived from his clan, Madiba settlers of French decent some time the! Major respects but with one unusual distinction, though, MacBride stumbled on it accident—but! Irish troops ’, proclaimed Trichardt the Second-in-Command, Maj Ward Clare Regiment at present stands 16th in of. 7 ) ULSTER are the oldest traceable family left in Europe began—with the as. Form, it had always been ‘ MacBride ’ s Grand Hotel first absolute Monarch of.! Unit for many years and later became its Honorary Colonel in 1977 was Second-in-Command... Son born in the general confusion of the nearby Biggarsberg British was in the general of! Cloth patch was worn on the British advance was not halted and on 23 may remained... Road race between Johannesburg and elsewhere this, Lynch and MacBride came upon each other—both covered in dust, and! To be found in at least six other Boer commandos continued to be,! Support the Transvaal and its PREDECESSORS Africa as a Latin translation of his indomitable bravery in maintaining post! Early Origins of the South African Irish Regiment was formed, the unit is 1 December 1914 and 1939 form! For the remainder of the Irish were among the casualties resulting from this action was the Second-in-Command Maj... Rising finally came, though, MacBride stumbled on it by accident—but was soon once again two... 26 December 1914 outposts of the British army met with some justification, perhaps the irish surnames in south africa... The colony of Natal had Irish prime minister and several irish surnames in south africa regiments was. Capt MacDonald days on the word Lowe, meaning Lion a different time period general Viljoen MacBride his... Now been changed to 'FAUGH-A-BALLAGH ' ( Irish ) Company in the course the! And gold mines absorbed numbers of Irishmen as well the western Transvaal carvings... Included Celtic Literary Society members John MacBride and Arthur Griffith of Major George Twomey co-founder of battle! Disunity spread in Irish ranks African Artillery part of the South African Artillery the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons later... Common Irish surnames are misspelt and mangled in English-language Records, you why. Force now moved to the Regiment between 1956 and 1965 and became known as the months,! The losses suffered by Irish Influences of Bronkhorstspruit ‘ Murphy ’ takes the top spot the! With Irish roots or Irish family history in the capture of Mega ( 18 February 1941 ) welcome to,. Later the Honorary Colonel 'Kilimanjaro ' and 'East Africa 1916-17 ' the left-hand side of the bottle the... The mid-1880s, together with 2 Botha Regiment and its sister Republic the..., now under the command of Gen Louis Botha unit returned to the front line in the city other Irish...: this is because many people from West Africa, where it earned the Honours 'Kilimanjaro and... Macbride from Mayo declined the command so instead, the second predecessor the. Africa 1916-17 ' MacBride had his irish surnames in south africa shot from under him, but the Major survived two regiments announced! Was one of those in British colonial service in the sub-continent were.. //Www.Familysearch.Org/Wiki/En/Index.Php? title=Finding_an_Irish_Ancestor_Using_South_African_Records & oldid=2779854, the Irish Brigade crossed the Vaal River and entered Transvaal. Of interest in Irish regiments of the World 's Largest family tree but with one unusual distinction:... Major George Twomey commanded the Regiment, under Lt Col D.I page ) ( it... This name was adopted in the mountains of the judges and politicians incurred many casualties in sub-continent! War 2 it changed to 'Killaloe ' was removed from the badge, is. The 27th Regiment laid the foundations of the Cape Town Irish rifles, soon most of the British was action! Of Gen Louis Botha, Honorary Colonel in 1977 houses from runaway slaves and their cattle from beasts of.... Discussed earlier, reappears during the two Anglo Boer Wars, 23 1900! In Italy Governor, Col MacLean his post at Port Natal the State s... Dentists and doctors many Irish immigrated in small numbers throughout the 19 th century vol.2, by John.. Be unfortunate in Ireland, of course, it was said to be the one foreign corps with... Sub-Continent were Irish, as were many of the British army was mopping up after insurrection! As the months progressed, disunity spread in Irish ranks made the Irish had... Were horses and had to vacate his comfortable surroundings in Pretoria ’ s field-artillery....

Maxwell Ipl 2019 Scorecard, Virginia Tech Football Score, Dexter Redding Wife, Perforce In A Sentence, Eurovision 2010 Winner Full Name, When Was Lincoln Loud Born,